There are four main skin types: normal, oily, combination and dry. Our skin type is mainly determined by genetics, but it can change, for example with age our skin becomes drier and less oily. Environmental factors and health conditions can also cause changes.
It’s helpful to know your skin type to help you care for your skin in the right ways:
- Normal skin is well-balanced skin – it’s neither too oily nor too dry. Skin looks even, with few imperfections. It is more common for younger people to have normal skin.
- Oily skin produces a lot of oil, known as ‘sebum’, which is a natural moisturising factor and forms part of the skin’s barrier system. People with oily skin can be more prone to having blocked pores (blackheads and whiteheads). Oily skin often looks shiny again within a short time after cleansing and moisturising, and pores tend to be more visible.
- Combination skin can be identified when there is an oily T-Zone (the forehead, chin and nose) that is shiny looking, while the cheek area is normal or dry. Pores are often more visible in the oily T-Zone. This is a common skin type and may benefit from slightly different methods of skincare on the areas of different skin types.
- Dry skin can range from skin that is a little drier than normal, through to very dry skin. It can be isolated ‘patches’ or over larger areas and pores are usually less visible. Mildly dry skin can sometimes feel tight, rough and look dull with more visible fine lines, or some flaking. Extremely dry skin most commonly affects older people or those with specific skin conditions.
All skin types have the potential to be sensitive as well, though drier skin tends to be more prone to sensitivity than oilier types because the skin’s barrier function is more likely to be compromised.
To find out more about our range of skincare products to suit your individual skin type visit our product page.